Fergana Valley


The Fergana Valley, sometimes spelled ‘Farghana’ or ‘Ferghana’, is a three-sided valley that connects Northern Tajikistan to the southerly end of Kyrgyzstan and the easterly section of Uzbekistan in Central Asia. Totally off the beaten track, this ancient region is characterized by age-old mosques, fascinating madrassas, friendly people, and bustling bazaars showcasing a plethora of traditional crafts from handspun pottery to the finest silk.
Dating back over two thousand years, the Fergana region has been the site of major conflict with its neighbors fighting over the region’s natural resources, including cotton, natural rock, and a small quantity of oil. With humble beginnings as a trading route for the Persians and the Greeks, the Fergana Valley has passed hands throughout the years – from Babur’s Mughal Dynasty and Soviet Russia in the late 19th-century, to finally forming three independent republics in the early 1990s – northern Tajikistan being the main one. ...
Tucked between two mountain ranges, the Tengri Tagh and the Gissar-Alai, the Fergana Valley covers an impressive 8,500 square miles of cattle-grazing farmland, snow-capped mountains, traditional villages, and fertile valleys. In fact, as it is fed by two rivers which flow onwards into the Syr Darya River, Fergana is one of Central Asia’s most fertile valleys – delicious fruit, vegetables, and other agricultural products thrive here.
Today, the Fergana Valley remains a popular trading route along the famous Great Silk Road. Cotton, grain, leatherwork, coal mining, and (historically) stock breeding of Fergana Valley horses have been the region’s most prominent industries. But it is not just the scenery and natural resources that make this untapped section of the globe such a treat to visit. The Fergana Valley and indeed the north of Tajikistan as a whole boast hot summers and moderately cold winters with very little rainfall for a large part of the year that makes for excellent year-round hiking and trekking adventures.
While it may not be everybody’s cup of tea, a visit to the Fergana Valley’s northern Tajikistan region is a major highlight for the most ambitious of travelers. After all, it’s not your average fly and flop holiday. Instead, there is plenty of history and culture to uncover if you are committed to the search. And if you are looking for things to do in the Fergana Valley, there are some fascinating highlights waiting for you.
Several main villages and towns are worth adding to your Fergana Valley tour. Khujand, one of the oldest cities in Central Asia, and Istaravshanand, home to a captivating old citadel, both make a great base for your northern Tajikistan holiday with excellent accommodation options and transport links for getting around.
Discover the fascinating history of Khujand (now known as Sughd) with its Islamic mosques and mausoleums, historic citadels, authentic museums, scenic parks, and lively bazaars.
The bustling Panjshanbe Bozor is the oldest market in Tajikistan, and a must-see attraction while you are in Khujand where you can shop for locally grown produce amongst locals. The Arbob Cultural Palace, also known as ‘the Palace of the People’ is another Khujand highlight – an impressive building that was once used by the Soviets.
Istaravshan, tucked away on the northern slopes of the Turkistan mountains, is another worthy stop on your north of Tajikistan bucket list. Set in the middle of two main Tajik cities, Khujand and Dushanbe, it is easily fit into a northern Tajikistan tour. Dating back to the 6th-century, this ancient city was once known for its handicrafts like pottery. Today, it is a flourishing fruit and wine-growing capital. Top Istaravshan attractions include the 16th-century blue-domed Kok-Gumbez Mosque, the winding streets of the Shahr-e-kuhna old town, the Sary Mazar mosque and tombs, and the ruins of the Mug Teppe fortress.
Straddling the border between Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, Isfara is one of the most ancient old towns in Central Asia. Dating back to the 10th-century when it was a hotspot on the Great Silk Road, it boasts a range of historic monuments, traditional teahouses, and apricot orchards. Visit the wooden 8th-century Hazrati Shoh Mausoleum, the Apricot Monument, the 16th-century Abdullo Khan Mosque, Isfara Museum, Isfara Bazaar, and the famous Lenin Statue.
Running between Khujand and Istaravshan, and alongside the Fann River at some points, the Shahriston pass is one of the most captivating drives in the world. While there are not that many things to do in Shahriston itself, there are several historical sites dating back to the early Middle Ages nearby. Explore the ancient ruins of Bunjikat, once home to the three-tiered Kalai Kahkaha fortress, the castles of Chilhujra, and the ruined temples and towers of ancient Panjakent.
But the Fergana Valley attractions do not end there. Tick Tabashar, now known as Istiklol, off the list with its historic wartime sites. Much lesser-known than any of Tajikistan’s other towns, Tabashar’s claims to fame are its Soviet-era Tajik uranium mine, local bazaar, and a series of stone houses built by German POWs during the Second World War.
History buffs may also enjoy hunting down the many statues dedicated to Vladimir Lenin in northern Tajikistan, the communist leader of the Russian Revolution. The biggest Lenin statue can be found in Khujand, while another can be found in Istaravshan. Several smaller Lenin statues are scattered throughout Tajikistan, in Isfara, Istiklol, Murghab, Panjakent, and Khorog.
From trekking trips and crafts to Lenin statues and ancient ruins, there is so much to see on a Fergana Valley adventure. If you are looking for other things to do in northern Tajikistan, take a look at our suggested Fergana Valley and North of Tajikistan itineraries.


Fergana valley Tours

Recomended by Guidebooks

Trescher Verlag Zentralasien
Cicerone Trekking in Tajikistan
Trescher Verlag Tadschikistan
Bradt Tajikistan
The Adventures of Nicole

featured articles

Trekking in Tajikistan: Top 7 Destinations for Adventure Seekers

Tajikistan's spectacular and pristine natural beauty, particularly its mountain ranges, is known worldwide.
Read More

Beyond the Horizon: Paramount Journey’s Path of Resilience, Community Engagement, and Honored Recognition

As the year 2023 draws to a close, we at Paramount Journeys wish to extend our heartfelt gratitude to all...
Read More

Historic Sites of the Pamir

Uncover the history of the Pamir region on this Silk Road adventure through Tajikistan, where ancient sites and stunning landscapes...
Read More

The time I turned my back on the Fann Mountains…

Trekking adventure in Tajikistan's Fann Mountains: stunning lakes, snow-covered peaks, and raw wilderness leave a lasting impression.
Read More

Central Asia’s hidden destinations

Unveiling Central Asia's hidden gems: offbeat destinations that are little-known, under-visited, and sure to captivate adventurous travelers.
Read More

The Art of Kandakori Woodcarving

Discover the artistry of kandakori woodcarving in Tajikistan - a family's heritage and craft's cultural significance.
Read More

Why Us

Paramount Journeys has learned from leading international companies how to create and run extraordinary adventures reaching out into incredible locations that would otherwise be inaccessible and unexplored. If your aim is to get beyond the standard Tajikistan tourist trail and to discover for yourself the most remarkable aspects of our high-altude heaven, let Paramount Journey guide you on your way. We not only exhibit the pristine nature of Tajikistan in its numerous unique environments, but also introduce you to the culture and ways of life of the extraordinary and hospitable communities who have battled against, yet also worked in harmony with, that same nature to survive and thrive in Tajikistan for millennia. Every adventure we plan is pioneering and bold, accessible to those with determination and a passion for discovery.


  • star ratingI visited the Fann Mountains with Paramount Journey in early October for a four-day trek (starting and finishing in Dushanbe). It was my first visit to Tajikistan. Paramount Journey were... read more


    star ratingIskanderkul Weekend - My wife and I and two friends of ours enjoyed an excellent autumn weekend Iskanderkul, one of the top tourist spots in Tajikistan. It was a very smooth and... read more


    star ratingTravel to Tajikistan - We took a 7 day tour to Tajikistan taking in Dushanbe and trekking in the Fann Mountains. The mountain scenery was breathtaking and the tour was very professionally arranged.... read more

  • star ratingFanntastic trip to the FANN mountains - We had a fantastic time on our trip to Tajikistan with Paramount. From the beginning, we worked closely with Alovaddin to plan a custom trip. He offered lots of great... read more


    star ratingCouple Travels through Tajikistan & Uzbekistan - If you would like to travel through Tajikistan & Uzbekistan we can highly recommend Paramount Journey. The proposed itinerary was excellent, we were able to incorporate all our wishes and... read more


    star ratingIncredible 7 Day Tour from Dushanbe through the Fann Mountains to Khujand - We partook in a 7 - day tour of Tajikistan from Dushanbe to Khujand and back, stopping in several villages in the Fann Mountains. From the very beginning, it was... read more

  • star ratingWe made a 3 weeks 2 persons Jeep Tour individually designed for our requiremenst through the Pamirs and the Zerafshan including exploring cities on the old Silk-Road. ... read more


    star ratingFantastic 7 day Jeep tour in the Zerafshan and Yagnob Valleys and Fan mountains. - Date of tour: September 2019.

    Booking process: Booking the tour was very easy. Alovaddin answered all my questions quickly, suggested an itinerary and adjusted it to... read more


    star ratingAn amazing experience - I did the Fann Montaign trekk with a friend and we enjoyed every step of it: be it the breathtaking landscapes of montaigns, glacier, incredible blues lakes and camps (add... read more

    Sabine P
  • star ratingFann Mountains Trek - We had a fantastic, well organised 3 night trek through the Fann Mountains.
    Yun and the team were fantastic! I cannot fault them. They really cared about us, and... read more


    star ratingPamir & beyond - I had a wonderful experience visiting Tajikistan with Paramount Journey. Alovaddin and his staff organized a trip tailor-made to my wishes and needs. Truly a journey to remember. Highly recommended.... read more


    star ratingPristine Trek - Incredible Untouched Beauty - This must be one of the few pristine trek left in the world. It is very rough but the sights were amazing. The water in the lakes are crystal clear,... read more

Follow us

Fill up the form to download our brochure